Cambodia, officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia, is an agricultural country with a total land mass of 181 035 square kilometres (69 898 sq mi) and borders Thailand to the northwest, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic to the northeast, Viet Nam to the east and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest. It has a population of nearly 15 million. Rebuilding from decades of civil war, Cambodia has seen rapid progress in the economic and human resource areas. Cambodia’s per capita income is rapidly increasing but is low compared with other countries in the Region. Most rural
households depend on agriculture and its related subsectors. Rice, fish, timber, garments and rubber are Cambodia’s major exports. Most (about 75%) of the country lies at elevations of less than 100 metres (330 feet) above sea level, the exceptions being the Cardamom Mountains [highest elevation 1813 m
(5948 feet)] and its ranges. The Government is a constitutional
monarchy operated as a parliamentary representative
democracy. Cambodia is divided into 23 provinces and the
capital. Municipalities, districts (srok) and khan are the secondlevel
administrative divisions of Cambodia.