Kennedy, E., Gray, N., Azzopardi, P., & Creati, M. (2011). Adolescent fertility and family planning in
East Asia and the Pacific: A review of DHS reports, Reproductive health, 8 (1), 11.
This paper reviews Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) from 11 low and lower middle income
countries in East Asia and the Pacific (excluding Laos) to determine what information regarding
adolescent fertility and family planning is available, and summarises key findings.
Results: DHS reports were available for eleven countries: Cambodia, Indonesia, Marshall Islands,
Nauru, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu and Vietnam.
Twenty seven of 40 relevant DHS indicators reported outcomes for adolescent women aged 15-19
years. There were limited data for unmarried adolescents. A significant proportion of women
commence sexual activity and childbearing during adolescence in the context of low contraceptive
prevalence and high unmet need for contraception. Adolescent women have lower use of
contraception, poorer knowledge of family planning and less access to information and services than
Conclusion: DHS reports provide useful and accessible data, however, they are limited by the failure
to report data for unmarried adolescents and report age-disaggregated data for some indicators.